3 Function Hospital Beds

Content is medically reviewed by:

Dr. Shakti Singh

Hospital beds are an essential part of any medical facility. They provide a safe and comfortable environment for patients to heal and recover.

Understanding 3 Function Hospital Beds

Three function hospital beds are the most common type of adjustable bed found in hospitals. They offer three key adjustments to improve patient comfort and care:

Height adjustment

This allows caregivers to easily raise or lower the bed to a comfortable working height for themselves and to assist patients in getting in and out of bed.

Backrest adjustment

This function enables patients to be positioned at an incline for activities like eating, reading, or watching television. It can also be helpful for improving lung function and promoting drainage.

Leg rest adjustment

Elevating the legs can improve circulation and reduce swelling. It can also help to position patients for certain medical procedures.

Here's a table summarizing the three functions of a hospital bed:

Function Benefit
Height adjustment Improves caregiver comfort and assists patients getting in and out of bed
Backrest adjustment Enhances comfort for activities and improves lung function
Leg rest adjustment Promotes circulation, reduces swelling, and assist in positioning for procedures

Patient Comfort and Safety

Ensuring Optimal Comfort for Patients

Adjustable backrest

This allows patients to sit up for activities like eating, reading, or watching television, reducing muscle strain and fatigue. Sitting upright can also improve mood and promote a sense of normalcy during recovery.

Leg rest adjustment

Adjusting the leg rest improves circulation and reduces swelling in legs and feet, promoting comfort and healing. It can also help relieve pressure on the lower back.

Height adjustment

This function helps patients get in and out of bed safely, reducing the risk of falls and injuries. A bed at an appropriate height also allows caregivers to provide care comfortably, reducing the risk of caregiver injuries.

Minimizing Risks of Bed Sores and Pressure Ulcers

Frequent position changes

Three function beds allow for easier repositioning compared to static beds. This is crucial to prevent pressure on specific areas of the body that can lead to bed sores and pressure ulcers.

Adjustable features

The ability to adjust the backrest and leg rest helps distribute pressure more evenly across the body, reducing the risk of skin breakdown and ulcer formation.

Considerations for Selection and Use

Durability and Build Quality

Importance of Robust Construction for Long-Term Use

Hospital beds are an investment, and you want them to last for many years. A well-made bed will be able to withstand the wear and tear of daily use in a busy healthcare environment.

Factors to Consider

Weight capacity

Choose a bed that can accommodate the expected weight of patients. Typically, hospital beds have a weight capacity ranging from 350 to 1000 lbs.

Material quality

Look for beds with strong frames and durable materials like steel or high-quality plastic. Steel is the most common and sturdiest option, while high-quality plastic can be a good choice for lighter weight patients or in situations where weight is a concern.

Cycle rating

This indicates the frequency of motor adjustments the bed can withstand over its lifespan. Higher cycle ratings ensure better durability, especially for electric beds that are frequently adjusted. A higher cycle rating is particularly important in critical care units where bed adjustments are frequent.


A good warranty from a reputable manufacturer signifies confidence in the product's durability and build quality.

Balancing Functionality with Affordability

Hospital beds come in a range of functionalities, impacting the overall cost. Here's how to find the right balance for your needs:

Identify essential features

Determine the specific needs of your patients and facility. Basic features like three-way adjustability (height, backrest, leg rest) might suffice for some areas, while ICU units might require advanced beds with Trendelenburg positioning and bariatric weight capacity.

Prioritize needs vs. wants

Make a list of essential features and desired features. Consider how often these desired features will be used to justify their inclusion within your budget.

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